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Donald Trump CONTEXT: US-Iran relations – a short history


Donald Trump

Donald Trump CONTEXT: US-Iran relations – a short history

From the CIA-orchestrated overthrow of Iran’s prime minister in 1953, to tension and confrontation under President Trump, a look back over more than 65 years of tricky relations between Iran and the US.1953: Overthrow of Mossadeq Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionUS-Iran relations: A guide to 60 years of tricky relationsUS and…

Donald Trump CONTEXT: US-Iran relations – a short history

Donald Trump

From the CIA-orchestrated overthrow of Iran’s prime minister in 1953, to tension and confrontation under President Trump, an appearance back over more than 65 years of challenging relations in between Iran and the United States.

Donald Trump 1953: Overthrow of Mossadeq

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Media caption US-Iran relations: A guide to 60 years of tricky relations

United States and British intelligence agencies orchestrate a coup to oust Iran’s democratically elected Prime Minister, Mohammad Mossadeq. The nonreligious leader had actually sought to nationalise Iran’s oil market.

Donald Trump 1979: Iranian revolution

The US-backed Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, is required to leave the country on 16 January following months of presentations and strikes versus his rule by secular and religious challengers.

2 weeks later on, Islamic spiritual leader Ayatollah Khomeini returns from exile. Following a referendum, the Islamic Republic of Iran is announced on 1 April.

Donald Trump 1979-81: United States Embassy captive crisis

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The United States embassy in Tehran is seized by protesters in November 1979 and American hostages are held inside for 444 days. The last 52 captives are freed in January 1981, the day of United States President Ronald Reagan’s inauguration.

Another six Americans who had escaped the embassy are smuggled out of Iran by a team posing as film-makers, in events dramatised in the 2012 Oscar-winning movie Argo.

Donald Trump 1985-86: Iran-Contra scandal

The United States secretly ships weapons to Iran, presumably in exchange for Tehran’s aid in freeing US hostages held by Hezbollah militants in Lebanon.

The revenues are illegally funnelled to rebels in Nicaragua, producing a political crisis for Reagan.

Donald Trump 1988: Iranian traveler plane shot down

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AFP/Getty Images

The American warship USS Vincennes shoots down an Iran Air fligh t in the Gulf on 3 July, killing all 290 people on board. The United States says the Plane A300 was incorrect for a fighter jet.

Many of the victims are Iranian pilgrims on their method to Mecca.

Donald Trump 2002: ‘Axis of wicked’

In his State of the Union address, President George Bush knocks Iran as part of an “axis of evil” with Iraq and North Korea. The speech triggers outrage in Iran.

Donald Trump 2000 s: Nuclear worries and sanctions

In 2002 an Iranian opposition group exposes that Iran is developing nuclear facilities including a uranium enrichment plant

The United States accuses Iran of a private nuclear weapons programme, which Iran rejects. A decade of diplomatic activity and periodic Iranian engagement with the UN’s nuclear guard dog follows.

But several rounds of sanctions are imposed by the UN, the US and the EU versus ultra-conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s federal government. This triggers Iran’s currency to lose two-thirds of its worth in 2 years.

Donald Trump 2013-2016: Closer ties, and a nuclear deal

In September 2013, a month after Iran’s new moderate president Hassan Rouhani takes office, he and US President Barack Obama speak by phone – the first such high-level conversation in more than 30 years.

Then in 2015, after a flurry of diplomatic activity, Iran concurs a long-term offer on its nuclear program with a group of world powers known as the P5 1 – the US, UK, France, China, Russia and Germany.

Under the accord, Iran consents to restrict its delicate nuclear activities and allow global inspectors in return for the lifting of crippling financial sanctions.

Donald Trump 2019: Stress in the Gulf

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Reuters

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In May 2018, US President Donald Trump abandons the nuclear offer, prior to reinstating financial sanctions against Iran and threatening to do the very same to countries and companies that continue purchasing its oil. Iran’s economy falls under a deep economic crisis.

Relations between the US and Iran worsen in May 2019, when the United States tightens up the sanctions targeting Iran’s oil exports. In response, Iran begins a counter-pressure project.

In May and June 2019, surges hit 6 oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman, and the US implicates Iran.

On 20 June, Iranian forces shoot down an US military drone over the Strait of Hormuz The United States states it was over international waters, but Iran states it is over their territory.

Iran starts rolling back crucial commitments under the nuclear deal in July.

Donald Trump 2020: Qasem Soleimani assassination

On 3 January 2020, Iran’s top military leader, Gen Qasem Soleimani, is killed by an US drone strike in Iraq. Iran vows “extreme vengeance” for his death and draws back from the 2015 nuclear accord.

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